Thursday, June 30, 2022

How To Fix Fiberglass Boat

How To Tell If Emergency Or Long

How to: Boat Fiberglass Repair

Spotting a leak on dry land is one thing, spotting it while youre in the middle of a lake leaves you at panic stations. You dont, however, want to panic in this situation because you could make things worse. Instead, you have to calmly assess the situation and take decisive action. A temporary or emergency repair is needed to ensure you get safely back to shore. It may also avert total disaster because a minor leak can turn into something much more serious and even sink the boat. An emergency repair is essentially used as a temporary band-aid until you reach the safely of the dockside.

Long-term repairs aim to fix the problem permanently. While there is more work involved, these repairs can be more effective to stop and prevent a leak from returning. The reality is long-term repairs are necessary but not always possible to carry out on the water. If a leak occurs when sailing, an emergency or quick repair is required until you get back to shore. Once on dry land, you can carry out a long-term repair.

Minor Single Line Gelcoat Cracks

A minor single-line gelcoat crack.

Thick areas of gelcoat dont have reinforcing fabric to help hold it together. The stress is relieved in the form of a crack. This can happen when the part is pulled from the mold or years down the road, where a little more stress is introduced from the part flexing. Generally, these cracks will appear as single-line gelcoat cracks in the cabin or cockpit. This type of cracking is hard to avoid and is part of boat ownership. Luckily, the repair is simple and straightforward, as Ill explain later.

Another common crack is a screw hole crack: a hairline crack or two coming from a piece of deck hardware. This can happen after a self-tapping or sheet metal screw is used to add a piece of hardware, even if youve used a proper pilot hole for the screw. The threads on the screw create pressure on the gelcoat causing it to crack. Not using a pilot hole, or using one that is too small, will create even more of an issue. They are often seen around snaps for canvas and beverage holders. When mounting hardware with self-tapping screws, you should drill the pilot hole and then countersink to remove the gel-coat to the threads diameter. This will prevent the threads from creating pressure on the gelcoat and make a small pocket for sealant to help seal the screw.

Repairing Gelcoat Stress Cracks

By Terry Monville GBI Technical Advisor

Knowing how or why your boats gelcoat cracks occurred in the first place is the key to a successful repair. For example, if hitting a seawall or dropping a champagne bottle on deck is what caused the cracks, after fixing them you will know how to prevent them in the future: Dont drink the champagne causing you to hit the seawall and drop the bottle.

Then there are those cracks that seem to appear in the gelcoat from nowhere: in cabin and cockpit corners, around screw holes, or in the middle of the deck. It can be difficult to figure out what caused them.

Recommended Reading: What Size Boat Should I Get

How To Repair A Fiberglass Boat

Few things are more disheartening to the boat owner than staring at the fuzzy edge of broken fiberglass. However, the repairability of fiberglass is one of its best characteristics. The most horrifying hole in a fiberglass hull is quickly healed with a bit of glass fabric, a supply of resin, and equal parts skill and care. And the repair is less patch than graft a new piece of skin indistinguishable from the old.

Fiberglass lay-up is nothing more than layers of glass fabric saturated with polyester resin, yet most boatowners imagine a self-applied repair as only slightly more durable than a wet Band-Aid. This is a false concern. Follow a few simple rules and your lay-up will be just as durable as the rest of the boat.

Thermal Fatigue Gelcoat Cracks

Fiberglass Boat Repair

Short, random cracks are called crazing.

The environment can dramatically affect gelcoat. Wax can protect it from fading but there is no way to protect gelcoat against the repetitive expansion and contraction of temperature change. This movement can cause cracking, which may appear in a parallel or a random pattern.

Parallel patterned cracks will vary in length from short to several inches and are a few to several inches apart. I have heard them referred to as old age cracks. Often these are caused by an expansion of the deck laminate, making the gelcoat more susceptible to flexural stress.

Short, random cracks are also referred to as gelcoat crazing. Crazing can be localized to a small area or completely cover a deck. I have seen cockpit soles that remind me of a shattered car window. Crazing is caused by the gelcoat expanding and contracting over a given area.

We get customer calls asking if sanding the gelcoat and rolling epoxy over it will fill the gelcoat cracks and prevent them from returning. Sadly, the answer is no. Cracked gelcoat should be removed. After gelcoat removal, sand the fiberglass laminate with 80-grit sandpaper. After sanding, make any needed repairs to the area. Roll on a minimum of three coats of WEST SYSTEM® Epoxy to seal the fiberglass before applying a finish coat of paint or gelcoat.

After the repairs are completed, some boats remain crack-free for years. Taking your time and doing the job right will pay dividends in time and money.

Recommended Reading: How To Build Your Own Boat

Fiberglass Canoe Repair & Kit

James A RockeyAs an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.

This step-by-step guide will help you in many ways to fix your canoe.

Fiberglass canoes are highly durable. They can be durable and can consume numerous damage whether the frame has been accidentally blemished while in use, or it is simply faced wear and tear. If your fiberglass canoe has supported you a lot, then it can be productive to know how to fix it.

Repairing a fiberglass canoe can cost less if you are doing it on your own rather than professionals do it for you. And it is also beneficial for you if you know how to fix a fiberglass canoe, as you can buy an;old one and make it look brand new.

Preparing For A Fiberglass Gouge Repair

If you want to achieve the best results, you should prepare the affected area for repair.

First, remove any decals or stickers on your boat using a heat gun set at the lowest setting. Gently run the heat gun over the decal and peel carefully. Use an adhesive remover to clear off any residue as needed.

You should also check the surrounding areas for delamination. If you find any its best to remove these spots altogether. Use a screwdriver and tap the affected fiberglass any dull sound is a sign of delamination. These areas can cause issues down the road, so you should cut them out. Repeat this process, checking the edges of the hole and enlarging each as needed.

Don’t Miss: What To Use To Clean Vinyl Boat Seats

Using Polyester Or Vinylester Resin

For above-the-waterline repairs you can use either polyester or vinylester resin. Of course, for an even stronger repair you can also use epoxy, but not if the surface of the repair will be gelcoat.

If you are doing your repair with polyester or vinylester resin, you need laminating resin. Laminating resin does not fully cure while exposed to air, which allows you to get a chemical bond between the multiple laminates you will be applying. To get the final laminate to cure, you simply seal it from the air, either with a plastic or by coating it with polyvinyl alcohol mold release.

How To Fix Chips & Dents On A Fiberglass Boat

Fiberglass Boat Repair

All boats are affected by active use. The momentary longitudinal stresses on any boat hull–known as “hogging,” where the center of the hull structure is deflected upward by a wave while the bow and stern sag, and “sagging,” where the mid-hull is deflected downward while the ends rise–are cumulative.

Although the structural members of the hull are designed to accommodate for these stresses by flexing, the skin of a fiberglass boat is rigid and responds to these forces and effects by developing weak spots where the fiberglass attempts to stretch. You can repair this damage in a weekend.

Use a palm sander to sand the weak spot below the level of the sound fiberglass surrounding the weakened area. Since the fiberglass has already thinned or cracked, you may sand all the way through the fiberglass in spots. Use the resin-based putty to fill in the depression or hole, working the putty into the depths of the damaged area carefully with the small-blade putty knife; use the large-blade putty knife to fill in the rest of the damage. The putty should be slightly higher than the sound surface and should be slightly humped: it will shrink as it cures. Let the putty cure for at least 24 hours .

Mix the epoxy resin and hardener only when you are ready to begin the patching process. With a paint roller, apply a thin coat of epoxy to the areas you sanded. Apply the fiberglass patch to the epoxied areas immediately.

Tips

Warnings

Items you will need

Also Check: Does Minnesota Require Boat Insurance

How To Fix A Hole In Your Boat

It is good to know that your boat can get holes. The hole may be caused by a floating object in the water or a rock as you transport it on the highway. Do you know any significant damage to your boat can affect its overall performance in the water?

There is no doubt that marine lovers can want to know some tips on how to repair a boat. What is the essence of knowing how to repair a boat by yourself? You will return to water as soon as possible. It is straightforward to fix a hole if you own metal or wooden boat. In such cases, all that you need to do is welding or nailing a board over the hole.

People prefer fiberglass boats simply because they are easy to repair. Do you know that you can easily repair a hole the size of a domestic fridge? The hull will even be stronger than it was before. Keep in mind that these repairs do not involve rocket science. You just need to have some manual dexterity and the willingness to think in three dimensions.

In most cases, repairs become difficult more so when the damaged area is inaccessible. It can also be a tough task repairing holes located in an awkward corner. Color matching the gel coating will be a real challenge unless you intend to paint over the repair. In this article, we will look at the best ways to repair your boat.

Resins

Polyester

Epoxy

  • Cleaning solvent.
  • Fiberglass cloth.

Preparation

Contour;

Prepare the patching material

Lay the pieces of roving

Set the patch;

Let the gel dry for at least 8 hours

What Is Gelcoat For Boats

The gelcoat on a boat is the outer surface layer on a fiberglass boat hull, which is designed to protect the bottom layers of fiberglass, and give your boat that color and shine finish. The gelcoat is made up of special polyester resin and fiberglass, or epoxy resin which is typically used with carbon fiber for extra strength and water-resistance.

Just like any other finish, gelcoat is prone to scratches, chips, and deterioration. You might notice that over time your gelcoat might start to show spider web looking cracks which would indicate a weakness in the underlying fiberglass. Another problem you might notice with the gelcoat is blistering, which generally means that there is a water intrusion under the gelcoat itself.

Most of the time the repairs to gelcoat scratches, cracks, and chips are a pretty straightforward repair that can generally be fixed using a gelcoat paste. Its an easy job that can be performed by almost anyone, and really only requires a repair kit. The trickiest part is the sanding and polishing thats required to blend the area with the hull.

Recommended Reading: Can I Use Banana Boat Sunscreen On My Face

Types Of Fiberglass Cloth

There are many different types of fiberglass cloths out on the market today.

Some of these cloths include chopped strand mat, biaxial mat cloth, woven roving cloth, continuous roving cloth, carbon fiber cloths, and the list goes on and on.

This being said, there are two types of fiberglass cloths that youll be working with:

  • Fiberglass fabrics, or cloths
  • Fiberglass mat.
  • The fiberglass fabrics will be your main structural material, but you may end up using a fiberglass mat to help you work around turns and to help waterproof low-stress areas like the live wells.

    With these fabrics, youll also have different weights.

    These weights will help determine how thick and strong the material is.; Popular boating fabric weights are 10 ounces, 6 ounces, 4 ounces, and 1.5-ounce cloths.; These fabrics are sold by the yard and generally come in widths between three and five feet.

    The type of fiberglass fabric you choose will be determined by the application youre using it for.

    Also, lighter cloths can be applied in multiple layers, so if you need more reinforcement, you can always combine a 4-ounce cloth and a 6-ounce cloth in two different layers to provide the thickness and strength of a similar 10-ounce cloth.

    Fiberglass Boat Repair Cost And Materials

    Mach Boats Fiberglass Repair

    One question that will pop up when you start any hull touch-up project is, how much does fiberglass repair cost?

    Fortunately, its relatively inexpensive to do a;fiberglass repair. Boat;scratches, deep gouges, and even holes can cost less than $500 in materials. If you have the required tools, then the cost might be even lower.

    Its essential that you buy and prepare everything ahead of time so the repair session goes smoothly. Heres the equipment youll need to perform the repair:

    • Heat gun

    Lastly, dont forget your safety gear:

    • Safety glasses
    • Chemical resistant gloves

    Read Also: What Size Boat For Family Of 5

    How Can You Repair A Fiberglass Boat Leak

    Once you discover a leak in your boat, fixing it is the very next step. Many people choose to simply take the boat to the shop and get it repaired professionally, but this is not always necessary. With some skill, you can fix the leak yourself so, you shouldnt worry if youre in an emergency and need your boat fixed right now. Besides, if you become a boat owner, you should know some basics about repairing simple leaks.

    Leaks can happen when you least expect it, such as when youre already on the boat, away from the shore. This is when you need the boat fixed instantly because its a very dangerous scenario where every second matters. Whoever is in charge of the boat in this situation must know what to do to stop the water from coming into the boat and make things safe.

    Now, here are some ideas for emergency and long-term reparations to the boat.

    Durabak: The Better Alternative To Gelcoat

    Unfortunately, even with an excellent repair job, your gelcoat will not last forever. Eventually, your gelcoat develops spider cracks and peels as the film becomes dry and brittle. Full gel coat restoration is also expensive and time-consuming to fix.;

    Durabak can be used as a superior alternative to gelcoat. Durabak is more affordable, stronger, easier to apply to your fiberglass boat, and the U.S. Navy trusts it for heavy-duty repairs. Durabak is used on the decks of 11 nuclear aircraft carriers and many warships and naval vessels. It is also available in more colors than gelcoat, which gives you flexibility for repairing or replacing your boats surface.;

    Durabak is a polyurethane protective coating designed to withstand the harsh marine elements. Unlike gelcoat, which cracks and peels over time, Durabak protective coating is flexible once applied and resists scratches and impact damage for years. The special formula is designed to be UV-resistant and waterproof, and the color does not fade or dry out, so your boat surface remains in pristine condition.;

    Durabak is available in Smooth and Textured versions that can be used together for a very rough and grippy finish, a totally smooth finish or a barefoot friendly finish with grip by coating smooth over textured Durabak which is gentle on your feet and easy to clean.

    Read Also: How Do I Get Wifi On My Boat

    How To Find A Leak In A Fiberglass Boat

    While some holes in boat hulls are caused by a catastrophic collision, many more seemingly come from nowhere. Often, these small leaks build up over time so slowly that you dont know its happening until it actually does. This kind of progressive hole development can be scary, especially since water can start coming into your boat without giving indicators as to how or why got in there.

    How To Fix A Fiberglass Boat: Step

    Fiberglass Hull Repair how to easily fix a thru hull hole

    This guide will show you how to repair deep gouges that have penetrated the fiberglass core.

  • Use a V-shaped grinder bit to cut grooves into the gouged area. Smooth the edges of the gel coating to eliminate any sharp areas.
  • For lighter scratches, you can use sandpaper to sand it down. Start with 80-grit sandpaper, then move a 150-grit, before finally finishing with a 240-grit.
  • Prepare a gel coat filler in small batches. Gradually mix gel coat and powdered fiberglass together until they form a paste resembling peanut butter. Add the hardener last and mix thoroughly for a full minute to remove any resin patches.
  • Apply the gel coat filler on the gouged areas. Its perfectly okay, and in fact recommended, to overfill, as you will sand these spots later on.
  • Allow the filler to cure for 1 2 hours. You can touch it to tell if its ready.. The filler should be fully hardened without a sticky texture.
  • Prepare a batch of gel coat mixture, which consists of a gel coat, gel coat reducer, and hardener. Place it in a disposable spray gun and use short bursts to apply it over the affected area.
  • Wait for the gel coating to cure.
  • Finish the repair areas with sandpaper. Start with 600-grit, then move on to 800-grit. Finally, end with 1,200-grit before buffing.
  • Re-apply any decals you want, and then wax.
  • Read Also: Can I Register My Boat Online

    Popular Articles
    Related news